A ‘profound misunderstanding’ of Hong Kong’s HE system
The article titled “What is the fate of Hong Kong’s universities under Xi?” (University World News, 3 November 2021) has shown a profound misunderstanding of the higher education system in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).
The HKSAR government treasures the important social values of academic freedom and institutional autonomy, which are the cornerstone of our higher education sector. In particular, Article 137 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR specifically and clearly states that educational institutions of all kinds may retain their autonomy and enjoy academic freedom. These safeguards have not been altered in any way and remain in full force.
The eight University Grants Committee (UGC)-funded universities are independent and autonomous bodies established under their respective ordinances. While the chief executive of the HKSAR is the chancellor of the UGC-funded universities, this arrangement mainly serves the function of providing a linkage between the government and the universities in the best interests of society and demonstrating the government’s support for the higher education sector.
The powers and duties of the chancellor are clearly defined in the respective ordinances of the universities, and the chief executive has been exercising extreme caution in performing the statutory duties, constantly taking due consideration to preserving academic freedom and institutional autonomy.
Governing council size and composition varies between universities, comprising members nominated by relevant bodies, representatives of the staff, students and the management team of the universities. Government-appointed members only constitute a small portion and appointment is made based on merit and having regard to the need to ensure a balanced composition, the strategic directions and development needs of the universities, as well as the needs of our higher education sector as a whole.
With their strong expertise in different fields, these community leaders help enhance the governance, accountability and development of our universities.
In line with the well-established principle of institutional autonomy, university councils as supreme governing bodies of the universities are responsible for making decisions regarding the operation of the universities, such as the appointment, promotion and retirement of academic staff members as well as top management positions including their presidents.
The allegations made by the article that the government interfered in the selective dismissal of controversial academic figures, the promotion and appointments including those of the university presidents, and the extension of contracts, are utterly untrue.
Likewise, the allegation that the government has methods for influencing tenured faculty is simply false. Again, decisions regarding tenured academic staff members of the universities can only be made by the university councils alone.
As regards the enactment of the National Security Law (NSL) in Hong Kong, safeguarding national sovereignty, security and development interests is an indisputable duty of a responsible national around the world, and the HKSAR is no exception. That said, the allegation made by the article that a mainland-induced reorganisation of the management of universities as a result of NSL is totally unfounded.
In addition to the safeguards on institutional autonomy underpinned by Article 137 of the Basic Law as mentioned above, Article 136 of the Basic Law also stipulates that the HKSAR government shall, on its own, formulate education policies. Universities in Hong Kong continue to attract top talent from around the world.
The promotion of national security education in universities with a view to raising awareness of national security and of the obligation to abide by the law is a statutory obligation stipulated in the NSL – and is an integral part of carrying out the above-mentioned duty of safeguarding national security on the part of the universities.
With the restoration of order in the community and the unprecedented opportunities presented by the developments of our country and the region, Hong Kong’s higher education sector remains as attractive, if not even more attractive than in the past.
Secretary for Education
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region