What are the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs?

The 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) form the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – known in short as Agenda 2030 – which was adopted by all 193 member states of the United Nations in September 2015.

They represent an urgent call to action by all countries – developing and developed nations – to work in a global partnership to achieve transformative changes for the world by 2030.

According to the UN, the goals “recognise that ending poverty and other deprivations must go hand in hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests”.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals

• SDG 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

• SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

• SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

• SDG 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

• SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

• SDG 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

• SDG 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

• SDG 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

• SDG 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

• SDG 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries.

• SDG 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

• SDG 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

• SDG 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*.

• SDG 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

• SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

• SDG 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

• SDG 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

* Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change.