UK public does not want fewer international students
The finding adds to pressure on the government to reconsider its policy of counting international students in its figures for immigration, which it is committed to reducing. In October the Home Secretary announced that major new restrictions on overseas students will form a key part of the government’s commitment to reduce immigration.
Dame Julia Goodfellow, president of Universities UK and vice-chancellor of the University of Kent, said: “It is clear that the British public does not see international students as long-term migrants, but as valuable, temporary visitors. They come to the UK, study for a period, then the vast majority return home."
The findings were revealed in a new poll conducted by ComRes for Universities UK. The poll reveals also that most members of the British public do not view international students as immigrants to the UK. The result showed that only 26% of the British public think of international students as immigrants when thinking about government immigration policy.
The survey found that nearly two-thirds (64%) of British adults think international students have a positive impact on the local economies of the towns and cities in which they study. 61% of the public believe that international students also have a valuable social and cultural impact on university towns and cities.
Universities UK said the poll shows that while there remain concerns about immigration levels in many parts of the country, the public recognises the substantial gains to towns, cities and regions from having international students in their area. The results also show that universities play a critical role in ensuring that their international connections help benefit the region.
Three quarters (75%) of the British public also believe that international students should be allowed to work in the UK for a fixed period after they have graduated, rather than returning immediately to their home country after completing their studies.
Recently-published figures on the economic impact of international students in the UK – produced for Universities UK by Oxford Economics – showed that they now generate more than £25 billion (US$31 billion) for the economy and their spending supported 206,600 jobs in university towns and cities across the UK.
The ComRes poll, based on the views of over 4,000 British adults, found that:
- • After discovering the contribution international and European Union students make to the economy and the jobs they generate, 73% of the British public would like to see the same number or more international students coming to the UK (24% say they would like to see more, on top of the 49% who would like to see the same number);
- • In relation to the UK government's immigration policy, only 26% of British adults think of international students as immigrants;
- • Two in three (64%) British adults think international students have a positive impact on the local economies of the towns and cities in which they study;
- • 58% of British adults agree that this economic contribution helps to create jobs;
- • 61% of the British public think that international students have a valuable social and cultural impact on the towns and cities in which they live;
- • Three quarters (75%) of the British public agree that international students should be able to work in the UK for a fixed period of time after they have graduated, rather than returning immediately to their home country after completing their studies.
“It is clear that the positive economic impact of international students extends to all corners of the UK, and not only to London or one or two large cities. The poll shows also the public recognises the valuable social and cultural impact international students have in regions across the country,” she said.
But she warned that with the UK government continuing to count international students as long-term migrants in its target to reduce migration, there is a continued pressure to reduce their numbers, adding to the perception that they are not welcome here.
“The most recent figures on international students in the UK showed a worrying decline in the number of new international enrolments over recent years. At the same time, competitor countries such as the US and Australia have seen increases. Both countries open their arms to international students and classify them as being non-permanent or temporary residents in their immigration systems."
She said the UK could be doing much better than this. “The UK has the potential to be one of the world’s fastest growing destinations for international students, building on its current status as the second most popular destination for international students [after the United States].
“If the UK wants to remain a top destination for international students, we need a new immigration policy that encourages them to choose the UK. As the UK prepares to exit the EU, it is more important than ever that we project a welcoming message to talented people from across the world.”