University World News Global Edition
27 September 2015 Issue 383 Register to receive our free e-newspaper by email each week Advanced Search
Is there a special sauce for creating highly innovative universities?

In Commentary, Philip Altbach and Jamil Salmi ask whether the secret recipe that makes universities such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology a world-class entrepreneurial institution can have the same effect in transforming others. Thomas Estermann and Enora Bennetot Pruvot issue a plea for reliable funding for Europe’s Horizon 2020 programme, rather than the constant attacks from parties that fail to connect finances to the policy objective of smart and sustainable growth for Europe. And Savo Heleta appeals to the international community to help prioritise the rebuilding of higher education systems and institutions in countries that have suffered violent conflict.
If first-generation, low-income students are to gain access to higher education and succeed in their studies, special effort needs to be expended on consciously developing social capital at schools in poor communities, reports Karen MacGregor in a Special Report from the Teaching and Learning in Higher Education conference which took place in Durban, South Africa, last week.
In this week’s World Blog, Hans de Wit says there is still a long way to go to realising the optimistic ideal of internationalisation, which should be extended to all and not just the mobile minority.
A second Special Report forms part of a series of articles ahead of the International Council for Open and Distance Education conference next month, with Aziza Ellozy this week focusing on the importance of well-trained faculty for online learning.
Brendan O’Malley – Managing Editor
NEWS: Our correspondents worldwide report
Hiep Pham

Vietnam will rank all universities in one of three tiers from next month as part of the education ministry’s bid to improve quality at each level. In each of the three tiers universities will also be assigned labels designating them as being research oriented, applied or professional and vocational in type.
Geoff Maslen

The new Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, has signalled that the government will review its higher education proposals, which include deregulation of the higher education sector and university fees and cuts in government funding for bachelor degrees, in order to ensure that the legislation is passed by the Senate.
Mary Beth Marklein

International students continue to fuel enrolment growth at US graduate schools, a study out last week by the US Council of Graduate Schools found.
Suchitra Behal

Following widespread criticism of its clauses, a landmark bill that would allow the famed Indian Institutes of Management to award MBAs and PhDs – making qualifications internationally recognisable – has been sent back to the drafting table.
Unsoo Jung

As South Korea’s Ministry of Education announced the result of its national evaluation of universities last month, part of a plan to push ahead with structural reforms of higher education, many universities are dissatisfied with the results and most oppose the ministry's reform plans.
Michael Gardner

Germany’s Student Welfare Service, or DSW, has warned that the refugee crisis could worsen prospects for students on the housing market. With enrolment numbers set to peak once again, the DSW insists that the government provide funding for additional student accommodation.
Tunde Fatunde

Students and lecturers in four colleges of education that were upgraded into universities by former president Goodluck Jonathan just before he left office earlier this year, staged peaceful protests against alleged attempts by Nigeria’s new president to return them to colleges status.
Jan Petter Myklebust and Ian R Dobson

The board of the University of Helsinki, the oldest and largest university in the country, is to cut 1,200 out of 8,200 staff posts, a measure of how Finnish universities are being hit by the effects of the government’s austerity programme.
Wagdy Sawahel

A US$15 million initiative to strengthen science granting councils in Africa held its inaugural forum in the Kenyan capital Nairobi this month. Initially science councils will be supported in 12 countries – Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Katherine Mangan, The Chronicle of Higher Education

Nearly one in four female undergraduates responding to a survey conducted by the Association of American Universities said that they had been the victim of sexual assault or misconduct, according to new findings.
Ashraf Khaled

Egypt’s controversial minister of higher education has been replaced in a cabinet change unveiled recently. The sacking of El-Sayed Abdel Khalek, who got the portfolio in June last year, followed a series of disputed decisions that angered the country’s lecturers and students.
Brendan O'Malley

The top problem facing Russian higher education is commercialisation in the form of growing paid-for educational services that are filling the gap where pubic funding fails to meet increasing demand for education, according to new research among education experts.
The International Council for Open and Distance Education, or ICDE, is holding its world conference in the mega-resort Sun City near Johannesburg from 14-16 October, hosted by the University of South Africa. University World News is the media partner. This is the sixth of a series of articles that engage with global ideas and developments in open and distance learning, around the conference theme of “Growing Capacities for Sustainable Distance e-Learning Provision”.
Aziza Ellozy

More resources need to be put into developing online teachers in order to deliver the right type of quality education for different learners in different contexts.
Philip G Altbach and Jamil Salmi

Universities around the world are looking for the secret recipe for creating more innovative and entrepreneurial institutions and students, but exporting what works in one institution in one country is not easy.
Thomas Estermann and Enora Bennetot Pruvot

European countries have cut funding for university research and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme has been constantly threatened despite proof that it delivers growth and development.
Savo Heleta

Higher education needs to become one of the key priorities for rebuilding post-conflict countries because they cannot move forward and improve living conditions in the long run without it.
Hans de Wit

Universities need to address the uncertain global climate by promoting internationalisation of higher education to all and not just the mobile minority.
The 9th Annual Teaching and Learning in Higher Education Conference was held in the South African city of Durban last week, under the theme “Re-imagining Higher Education Policy Implementation: Can policy learn from practice?” The University of KwaZulu-Natal conference attracted education researchers from across the country, Africa and the world.
Karen MacGregor

Schools have a crucial role to play in facilitating networks that enable the acquisition of social capital. In poor communities, such networks need to be “consciously created and fostered” if first-generation, low-income students are to access and succeed in higher education, says leading education expert Professor William Tierney of the University of Southern California.
Nicola Jenvey

Transformation in South African higher education is critical, and with the upsurge in protests university campuses have experienced in recent months “long overdue and welcomed” – but only if it is founded on achieving a radical outcome that takes into account quality defined by today’s demands – says Adam Habib, vice-chancellor of the University of the Witwatersrand.
Karen MacGregor

A study of Nelson Mandela’s educational experiences has revealed the global icon to be an exemplar of lifelong learning. Research by Dr Peter Rule of the school of education at South Africa’s University of KwaZulu-Natal shows “deep fascination with education and learning”.
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US universities lead the world in scientific innovation but face strong competition from Asian rivals with close ties to industry, according to a detailed analysis of academic papers and patent filings, writes Ben Hirschler for Reuters.

An accountability court earlier this month remanded into judicial custody Professor Mohammad Ayub, a medical expert with the Higher Education Regulatory Authority, on the charge of facilitating the functioning of an illegal medical college, reports Dawn.

The Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights has cleared Princeton University of allegations that it discriminates against Asian and Asian-American applicants in admissions, writes Peter Schmidt for The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Oxford and Cambridge have maintained their lead as the UK's two best universities but Surrey was named ‘University of the Year’, according to the Sunday Times’ Higher Education guide, writes Caroline Mortimer for The Independent.

Ireland’s seven universities have called for “urgent remedial action” to address the student accommodation crisis. According to the Irish Universities Association, the availability of campus accommodation is also a prerequisite for attracting new overseas students, writes Joe Humphreys for The Irish Times .

With their vast stores of personal data and expensive research, universities are prime targets for hackers looking to graduate from swiping credit card numbers, write Keith Wagstaff and Chiara Sottile for NBC News.

The key performance indicators of universities in the Republic should not be about how high their rankings are, but how well they serve Singapore, according to Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, reports Channel News Asia.

As violent protests hit yet another university campus last Tuesday, Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande announced that a summit looking into transformation and other issues facing tertiary institutions would be held next month, reports ANA.

Every university in Britain is being urged to play its part in tackling the migrant crisis by helping make it easier for refugees and asylum-seekers to access higher education, writes Dean Kirby for The Independent.

United Kingdom universities will work with organisations in China on joint academic research and new institutions under an agreement between the UK and Chinese governments, reports

Nine university students have been arrested for taking part in violent demonstrations on city streets protesting the delayed release of student loans by the Higher Education Loans Board, writes Reuben Wanyama for Citizen Digital.

Climate activists and academics are scaling up their opposition to Flinders University hosting a Bjørn Lomborg-run research centre in an attempt to shut down the last avenue apparently open to the project, writes Oliver Milman for the Guardian.

Seven Scottish universities have organised a week of engagements in Brazil under the ‘Connected Scotland’ banner to try to develop new research partnerships between the two nations, writes Lucinda Cameron for The Scotsman.
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