University World News Global Edition
13 October 2013 Issue 0291 Register to receive our free e-newspaper by email each week Advanced Search
New movement to promote equitable access to higher education globally

In World Blog, Rahul Choudaha describes how universities can keep ahead of the international student recruitment game by better understanding their target markets.
In Commentary, Graeme Atherton announces the launch of a global movement dedicated to promoting equitable access to higher education internationally, and Hugo Horta investigates ‘academic inbreeding’, in which scholars graduate and work for the same institution, and writes that universities should be clear about both the benefits and disadvantages of the phenomenon.
Vincenzo Raimo contends that the British government’s encouragement of universities to develop offshore education should be based on a sustainable international higher education policy that benefits all involved.
In Features, Jan Petter Myklebust reports on a mapping exercise to measure collaboration and student exchange between universities in Denmark and those in ‘growth countries’, as the government encourages higher education internationalisation.
Peta Lee unpacks a new international study into higher education participation that will inform an access and success strategy being developed for England, and Wachira Kigotho looks at a recent statistical snapshot of global migration that highlights Africa's chronic 'brain drain'.
Karen MacGregor – Global Editor
NEWS: Our correspondents worldwide report
Geoff Maslen

Four of the world’s major research university groups released a joint statement in China last Wednesday outlining the characteristics of contemporary research universities as the next step towards establishing an international network of the four associations.
Alan Osborn

A major international survey of education standards has found serious skills weaknesses in European Union countries when compared to levels in other parts of the developed world.
Karen MacGregor

A new British Council report has predicted that there will be 3.8 million mobile higher education students globally by 2024, up from just over three million two years ago. India and China will contribute 35% of the global growth in international students.
Alan Osborn

At the 5th European Innovation Summit, big names in research agreed that it was high time for a ‘wake up Europe’ call. A five-point declaration addressed to European Union policy-makers and member states was agreed upon after several speakers sought to identify ways to remove obstacles in the way of Europe becoming a successful innovation economy.
David Jobbins

Students attending universities at greater risk of institutional failure in the post-White Paper higher education market in the United Kingdom need an insurance scheme to protect them from the consequences, the Higher Education Commission said last week.
Eugene Vorotnikov

The Russian government is hoping to attract the country’s major industrial companies to invest in establishing higher education institutions and chairs in top universities, to prepare highly skilled employees and produce research for their sectors.
Karen MacGregor

A new scholar exchange initiative offering 100 fellowships to African-born academics living in North America, to work in and forge research partnerships with African universities, has been launched by Carnegie Corporation of New York. The ambitious aim is “to turn the continent’s ‘brain drain’ into ‘brain gain’”.
Mimi Leung

With ‘surplus’ universities and schools being encouraged to shut down or merge due to Taiwan’s demographic downturn, the government has said that private institutions should not be allowed to profiteer from selling land designated for educational use.
Wagdy Sawahel

Member states of the 5+5 Dialogue initiative, a sub-regional forum for dialogue including five countries of the Arab Maghreb Union and five countries of the Western Mediterranean, have agreed to set up a ‘space’ for research and innovation to promote cooperation in science, technology and higher education.
Geoff Maslen

An international team of biologists has created a world map showing which regions are most and which are least vulnerable to climate change. The biologists note that this will be one of the key areas to be examined next year in a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, whose latest report on the science of climate change was released last month.

IELTS, the International English Language Testing System and the world’s most popular English language test for higher education, has introduced biometric measures – including finger scans – to verify the identity of test takers.
Jan Petter Myklebust

The appeal of Denmark as a destination for international students is steadily growing as collaboration and exchange increase between the country’s universities and higher education institutions abroad. Now the government is turning its attention to ‘growth countries’.
Peta Lee

An international study into higher education participation has revealed unequal representation across socio-economic groups in several countries. The review of six nations will inform an access and student success strategy being developed for England, and among other things recommends alternative entry requirements and bridging programmes, and more inclusive learning and teaching.
Wachira Kigotho

One in every nine people who are born in Africa and have a university degree is a migrant in one of the 34 member states of the OECD – the world’s most developed countries. According to a report on global migration from the United Nations and OECD, there are some 30 million Africans among a global total of 232 million migrants.
Justin Doubleday, The Chronicle of Higher Education

The earnings gap in the United States between young college graduates and their peers with only high school diplomas has narrowed slightly in recent years. But adults with bachelor degrees still make significantly more over their careers, according to a report released last Monday by the College Board.
Rahul Choudaha

Higher education institutions need to better understand their target markets in international student recruitment, and keep ahead of the game in terms of how the market is changing and adapting to new technologies and economics.
Graeme Atherton

A new global movement dedicated to internationalising the issue of access to post-secondary education will allow people from different countries to seek out innovative solutions to widening participation in higher education.
Hugo Horta

Academic inbreeding, which discourages mobility between institutions, has a damaging effect on research sharing and production. However, it is a complex issue to address and universities need to be clear about what the benefits and disadvantages are in any given situation.
Vincenzo Raimo

Is the UK’s policy of encouraging more universities to develop offshore education merely a short-term commercial measure and not one based on a long-term sustainable policy of international higher education that has benefits for all involved?
Geoff Maslen

An international team of researchers headed out from Tenerife last Sunday to explore the deep-sea corals of the equatorial Atlantic Ocean. They left on the British research vessel James Cook and will reach their destination in Trinidad at the end of November. Among the mass of equipment on board is an ISIS remotely-operated vehicle that will enable the team to study depths of the ocean never explored before.

The first ever evidence of a comet entering Earth’s atmosphere and exploding, raining down a shock wave of fire that obliterated every life form in its path, has been discovered by a team of South African scientists and international collaborators. The discovery has provided the first definite proof of a comet striking Earth millions of years ago, and could help unlock the secrets of the formation of our solar system.

The 2013 Nobel prizes for physics, chemistry and medicine were awarded last week, with the world’s most prestigious research awards going to scientists from Belgium, Scotland, France and the United States. The economics Nobel will be awarded next week.

Ancient DNA recovered from a time series of skeletons in Germany spanning 4,000 years of prehistory has been used to reconstruct the first detailed genetic history of modern-day Europeans. The study reveals dramatic population changes with waves of prehistoric migration, not only from the accepted path via the Near East but also from Western and Eastern Europe.
Aimar Ventsel

It seems that alcohol is dearly needed. As much as over-indulging in booze, abstaining leads to uncomfortable situations, too. That is according to commentaries presented at a conference at the University of Tartu in Estonia.
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The state of Israel’s higher education has steadily deteriorated over past decades, according to a new study released by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel last Monday, ahead of the beginning of the academic year, writes Danielle Ziri for The Jerusalem Post.

A string of British universities has established links with higher education institutions in a country whose human rights record is widely condemned as one of the worst in the world, with the full support of the British government, write Ian Cobain and Lidia Kurasinska for the Guardian.

Last Thursday India signed agreements with seven countries pledging their commitment to the ambitious Nalanda University project being built near the ruins of the ancient academic institution, writes Manmohan Singh for Press Trust of India.

A cramped, one-room shop tucked away in India's Delhi University seems an unlikely battleground for a publishing war that, academics warn, threatens quality of and access to higher education in the world’s second most populous nation, reports AFP.

Australia’s Education Minister Christopher Pyne has promised more action to cut red tape after the national regulator seized the initiative with its own package of reforms, writes Bernard Lane for The Australian.

The Dadaab refugee camps in northern Kenya sit in a bleak landscape; remote, dusty and arid, they are sun-scorched by day and whipped by fierce dust storms that blow up seemingly out of nowhere. While there is access to primary and secondary education, opportunities for tertiary education have been extremely limited, writes Ginanne Brownell for The New York Times.

A mere US$600 stood between Christian Fair (20) and his future this semester, when the United States Department of Education denied his parents a loan to help pay for tuition fees and textbooks, writes Elvina Nawaguna for Reuters.

Ireland has seen a 100% growth in the number of Indian students in the September round of admissions this year as compared to last year, although the base has been very small, growing from an average of 1,000 in 2012, as indicated by Ambassador Feilim McLaughlin, writes Ankita Ramgopal for Business World.

Search-to-smartphones giant Google has drawn up a framework agreement with UK education technology body Janet which will make it easier for colleges and universities to make the move to Google Apps using a contract which has been approved by Janet as meeting UK legal requirements, writes Steve Ranger for ZDNet.

When he conceived his prestigious prizes in 1895, Alfred Nobel never imagined the need to honour an unknown field called computer science. But the next best thing happened last Wednesday: computing achieved an historic milestone when the Nobel Prize for chemistry went to a trio of researchers for groundbreaking work using computers to model the complex chemistry that sustains life, writes Lisa M Krieger for Inside Bay Area News.
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