Staff mobility needs to be given the same kind of attention as is paid to student mobility if universities’ internationalisation strategies are to succeed, says a new report from the European University Association and the Academic Cooperation Association.
The fifth annual international IE University conference on “Reinventing Higher Education” discussed Bologna, English as the lingua franca and engagement between business and universities. But perhaps it will be the ‘digital natives’ of the next generation who will be higher education’s greatest challenge.
An academic fraud scandal at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill took root under a departmental secretary and die-hard Tar Heel fan, who was egged on by athletics advisers to create no-show classes that would keep under-prepared and unmotivated players eligible, according to the findings of an eight-month independent investigation.
America’s higher education system comprises around 4,300 degree-granting institutions that enrol nearly 18 million undergraduate students. The costs these students pay for getting a degree vary markedly between the public and private institutions, with those in public colleges and universities facing substantially lower fees as well as fewer and smaller loans to repay.
A study of changes in higher education financing in nine European countries, that included the impact of higher student fees, uncovered little evidence of a fall-off in demand resulting from universities charging students more.
The biggest issue facing Irish higher education may not be the level of national investment but the mix of public and private funding. Ireland has a modest level of public investment when compared to other OECD countries and a very low level of private investment in the form of privately paid tuition fees. The key then for achieving sustainable policies in the future is for Ireland to increase its level of private investment while stabilising and maintaining public investment levels in higher education.
An academic’s reputation plays a key role in generating increases in a scientific paper’s citation count early in its citation life cycle, before a tipping point, after which his or her reputation has much less influence relative to the paper’s citation count.
India will have by far the most tertiary students in the world in 2024 – 48 million against 37 million in China – but China will still be the largest source of mobile postgraduate students, sending 338,000 abroad, according to a just-published study by the British Council. Nigeria will have the world’s strongest growth in outbound postgraduate mobility, at 8.3% a year.
The five BRICS countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – have initiated a process of mobilising investment and collaboration that will provide quality higher education to around 40% of the world’s tertiary students.
One of the biggest for-profit college companies in the United States is creating an ‘Open College’ aimed at adults who may already have skills and experience that could qualify for college credits.
American help in setting up a new Indian institute of technology, academic exchange and knowledge sharing, and joint solutions towards skills development of Indian youth are some key takeaways of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the United States. But experts and political opponents were quick to say that the trip did not yield anything ground-breaking or different.
Already struggling in the “shallows” of inadequate domestic financial support, Australia’s universities are facing rising, well-resourced and aggressive international competitors, a leading educationist told a conference on higher education deregulation last Wednesday.
The recent attack by Boko Haram insurgents on a higher education institution in Kano, northern Nigeria’s biggest metropolis, prompted President Goodluck Jonathan to order security agencies to protect university campuses. Ongoing confrontation between the Islamist sect and the military has compelled some students in the north to relocate to other universities in the country and elsewhere in West Africa.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s national pledge in June to increase the number of women in leadership positions to 30% by 2020 across all sectors, including higher education and research, was welcomed. But women still face an uphill battle in universities.
‘Publish or perish’ is an old saw that has been updated to reflect modern wisdom. The revised version of the phrase offers advice not to professors but to universities: ‘Partner or perish’. The growth of online higher education, the breakdown of competitive borders and the decline of public support have caused traditional institutions to reflect on strategies for survival. In the soil of this anxiety, online ‘enablers’ have taken root.
India’s prestigious institutes of technology, or IITs, will spearhead a national system of university rankings, drawing up relevant parameters even though they are not themselves universities, Human Resource Development Minister Smriti Irani announced last week at a meeting of IIT heads in Chennai.
There has been significant progress in alleviating obstacles to mobility for researchers in Europe – but advances have been uneven and challenges remain in some countries in the areas of recruitment, researcher skills, working conditions and career opportunities – says a Deloitte Consulting report prepared for the European Commission.
Some of China’s most eminent universities including Peking and Tsinghua are clustered around the Zhongguancun area in Beijing’s Haidian district, which likes to style itself as China’s ‘Silicon Valley’, attracting research institutions and thousands of high-tech enterprises.
Continental Europe’s leading research-intensive university ETH Zürich is exploring the idea of establishing a ‘future cities laboratory’ in Africa following the success of the Singapore-ETH Centre for Global Environmental Sustainability.
Books are the gold standard of historical scholarship. Claudio Saunt, a specialist in early American history, has published three of them. As a sort of epilogue to his latest book, however, the University of Georgia professor decided to try a different approach: what would happen if he distilled more than a century of American Indian history into an interactive digital map?
The Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur and the Commonwealth of Learning are offering “A MOOC on MOOCs: What you need to know about massive open online courses”. The novel short course is aimed at educators, policy-makers and other professionals interested in strategies related to the origin, architecture, economics and delivery of a MOOC, with particular reference to the emerging world.
‘Civility’ just might be American academe’s newest fighting word. In the past week, pleas for civility at Ohio University, Pennsylvania State University and the University of California at Berkeley have had the unintended effect of provoking harsh attacks on the campus leaders who issued them. All have been accused of seeking to silence speech rather than simply lower its tone.
Universities in three out of 10 European countries do not have an academic tenure track – France, Spain and the United Kingdom – while in seven countries three basic tenure models have been implemented since the turn of the century, according to a survey by the League of European Research Universities.
The first major study of international students in South Africa has found pull factors to be affordable fees, government subsidies for students from the region, proximity to home and cost of living, the strong reputation of higher education and currency of its qualifications, according to the survey’s authors professors Jenny J Lee and Chika Sehoole.
For a continent where China is having a huge influence, there is very little awareness in Africa of all the implications, says the new acting head of an independent research centre on China-Africa relations in South Africa.