26 September 2016 Register to receive our free newsletter by email each week
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Commentary
AFRICA
African research universities to create hub of expertise
The African Research Universities Alliance is working to build strong research capacity to grow new sectors and expand existing industries across the continent over time, by aligning Africa’s leading research universities into a hub of research expertise.
MAURITIUS
The revival of polytechnics
Across Africa there has been a move to upgrade polytechnics to universities, but in so doing countries are failing to train enough vocational workers, such as technicians. Could the change of policy in Mauritius where a replacement is being sought for polytechnics be the way forward?
GLOBAL
Treat the cause, not the symptom of student protests
Student unrest in the United States and South Africa are symptoms of deeper problems with the education system than access to knowledge. Until students and academics see that their concerns are aligned, we will continue to avoid hard questions and treat symptoms and not causes.
SOUTH AFRICA
Sliding doors – Securing study visas to South Africa
The metaphor of sliding doors indicates the hit-or-miss enactment of immigration policies by South Africa, in that the obstructions and eventual results seem unforeseeable. The almost haphazard nature of securing study visas might be why several international students interviewed for research described themselves as ‘lucky’.
AFRICA
Literature from the diaspora creates diverse narratives
One element of the ‘Africanisation’ debate involves assessing the value of contemporary literature written by Africans in the diaspora. Critics complain that Afrodiasporic literature is not in tune with the continent, and is sanitised and Westernised. But these works take students beyond their national and personal borders, which is crucial in times of global cultural flux.
AFRICA-INDIA
Racism against Africans is a reality to be countered
The brutal murder of a young Congolese man has blown the lid off a simmering pot of resentment against the treatment of African migrants in India, especially the large student community. Clearly something is amiss in the meta-narratives of ascendant India-Africa economic, strategic and diplomatic relations.
GHANA
Achievements and challenges of private higher education
Before 2000 there were fewer than 15 private higher education institutions in Ghana. By 2015 their number had grown to 106, compared to 83 public institutions. The private sector mainly absorbs excess demand from the tuition-free public system – but elite private institutions are emerging that target applicants from wealthy families locally and globally.
SOUTH AFRICA
Rethinking curriculum approaches in challenging times
Seriously rethinking approaches to the curriculum, and to teaching and learning, requires staff development that draws on unacknowledged expertise, gives status to teaching and learning, and builds collaboration between institutions. In August, fellows from 22 South African universities will emerge from a pilot programme that set its sights on these ambitious goals.
GLOBAL
Global universities and their global responsibilities
If all of the world’s leading research-intensive universities partnered – even modestly – with African institutions to boost research capacity, there could be a transformative impact on the continent’s capacity to produce knowledge.
AFRICA
HE cannot wait for 2030 global goals
Africa cannot wait until 2030 for the next round of global goals to address the urgent need for quality higher education. The Sustainable Development Goals in which higher education targets are included sideline quality and instead focus on incremental development, enrolment rates, unsustainable practices and international dependency.
GLOBAL
Norway’s new academic partnerships with global South
Norway recently unveiled its new programme for academic collaboration with the global South. Significantly, this major partner of African higher education has shifted from full degree study abroad scholarships that intensify the brain drain to postgraduate-level partnerships and short exchanges.
AFRICA
African higher education development – Competing visions
Ministries in Africa must simultaneously modernise higher education systems while widening participation. To do this they must convince governments and donors that system innovations and societal benefits have an equally important rate of return in terms of truly sustainable development.
GLOBAL
70 science academies worldwide discuss ‘science advice’
This month representatives from more than 70 academies of science and medicine met to discuss 'Science Advice'. What emerged were the needs to avoid thinking that science has all the answers, to solicit diverse inputs, include communication training in university curricula, and help scientists understand society better so they can tailor messages appropriately.
AFRICA
South Africa and the illusion of free higher education
In South Africa, where students are demanding free higher education, the norm is to draw lessons from the global North. But if the country looks to Africa it will find that free higher education failed to achieve universal access or social inclusion.
EGYPT
The murder of Giulio is an attack on academic freedom
The murder of my friend Giulio Regeni in Cairo is a direct challenge to the academic freedom that is a pillar of our higher education system. He is only one of many scholars to find themselves in grave danger. As a scholarly community and as a society, we have a duty to strike to protect them.
GLOBAL
Necessity could be the mother of innovation
Higher education has a vital role to play in addressing the ‘youth bulge’ around the world, but particularly in emerging markets, through harnessing technology and innovation and strengthening quality assurance.
SOUTH AFRICA
Reimagining the South African university
Last year was tumultuous for South African higher education. The #RhodesMustFall and #FeesMustFall movements opened up systemic parameters in ways once unimaginable. Going forward there are two options: a sustainable, progressive outcome or unconstrained populism that could enable greater access but destroy quality.
AFRICA
Flagship universities – Enrolment, typology, graduates
There are millions of graduates of Africa’s flagship universities. Most conversations have been on the shortcomings and challenges of these top national universities, but it is important to recognise their considerable contributions.
SOUTH AFRICA
Doctoral education – Need for more radical rethinking?
The just-published Doctoral Education in South Africa by Nico Cloete, Johann Mouton and Charles Sheppard reveals new approaches South Africa can take for a ‘radical rethink’ to meet its PhD targets. Government efforts have supported the doubling in a decade of doctoral graduate numbers to 2,200 a year, and the new research will play a key role in transforming the PhD in the coming decade.
AFRICA
Developmental universities – The debate continues
Arguments against developmental universities range from the language of instruction and learning to the value placed on knowledge in Africa, but higher education institutions have a duty to embrace the communities they find themselves in and promote development.
SOUTH AFRICA
The flawed ideology of free higher education
‘Free Higher Education’ sounds revolutionary and is an appealing mobilising cry. But in a developing country it is financially impossible and morally wrong, as free higher education privileges the rich. The poster should read ‘Affordable higher education for all’ – with clear understanding that affordable means different costs for different groups.
GLOBAL
Changing the mindset in internationalisation research
The parameters of the debate on the internationalisation of higher education have been dominated by the North. We need a global commons where power dynamics are neutralised in order to encourage true collaboration.
AFRICA
University partnerships could help achieve the SDGs
The 6th annual conference of the African Network for Internationalization of Education was held just a week after ratification of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. African universities were urged to position themselves to contribute to meeting the global goals through partnerships.
AFRICA
A continental quest for scientific independence
Africa’s quest for scientific independence is likely to be a long journey on a bumpy road full of potholes, leading to who knows where, taking into account that the continent has no culture of philanthropy and government expenditure on research and development is extremely low. That was one of the key messages from scientists attending the launch forum of the Alliance for Accelerating Excellence in Science in Africa, held in Kenya’s capital Nairobi last month.
GLOBAL
Rebuilding higher education after war
Higher education needs to become one of the key priorities for rebuilding post-conflict countries because they cannot move forward and improve living conditions in the long run without it.